How Physiotherapy Clinics Help in Managing Chronic Pain

Physiotherapy clinics are sanctuaries of healing, providing expert care for those who suffer from pain. Using personalized assessments, tailored treatment plans and empowering education, they work to help patients reach their health goals.

Physical therapy exercises can help to reduce chronic pain. Exercises can strengthen muscles and increase joint mobility, and they also encourage the release of endorphins.

1. Physiotherapy is a form of treatment

Physiotherapy is a form of treatment that can help people who are suffering from pain due to musculoskeletal conditions, chronic pain syndromes and neurological problems. It involves exercises and manual techniques that promote healing and enhance mobility. In addition to providing pain relief, physiotherapy also helps patients improve their quality of life by enhancing their strength and endurance. It can also help them return to work and sports after experiencing a major health crisis like a heart attack or stroke.

Bendigo Physiotherapy Clinic uses techniques such as massage, exercise and treatments based on heat, cold, electrical currents or ultrasound. They will assess your range of motion, posture, balance and strength and determine the source of your pain. They will then create a treatment plan that is tailored to your needs. They will also teach you how to perform the treatments at home so that you can continue to improve your symptoms over time.

Chronic pain causes a lot of stress and can affect your mental health. People with chronic pain may experience anxiety, depression and feelings of bitterness. They often avoid certain activities and have difficulty completing their jobs. Physiotherapists can help patients develop healthier lifestyles by teaching them relaxation techniques and other ways to cope with their symptoms. They can also refer them to pain management programmes, such as mindfulness and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). These therapies can reduce your symptoms and improve your quality of life.

2. Physiotherapy is a form of rehabilitation

Pain management is a key component of physical rehabilitation. It is a patient-centered approach that takes into account both the physical and emotional aspects of chronic pain. The goal of physiotherapy is to improve the quality of life and reduce dependence on powerful pain medications.

Physiotherapy involves various techniques and exercises that improve function, enhance mobility, and alleviate pain. It also teaches patients to manage their symptoms and reduce stress. This can help prevent future injury and improve the patient’s overall quality of life. The plan is customized to the patient’s specific needs and is reviewed periodically for the best long-term results.

A physiotherapist will take a detailed history of the patient’s condition to determine the underlying cause of the pain. This can include details about the onset and intensity of the pain, its duration, and whether it has changed over time. In addition, the therapist will perform a physical examination to assess movement and muscle strength. This will help the therapist create an appropriate treatment plan for the patient. They may use manual therapy techniques such as massage, mobilization, manipulation, and acupuncture to alleviate the pain and improve joint mobility. They can also provide therapeutic exercises to strengthen muscles, improve flexibility and balance, and reduce stress. They can also use non-invasive modalities such as heat, cold, ultrasound, and electrical stimulation to decrease pain and inflammation.

3. Physiotherapy is a form of therapy

Pain is a normal response in the body and when it becomes chronic it can be debilitating. Physiotherapy helps relieve pain by treating the underlying causes of pain and improving function and mobility. This is accomplished through a combination of movement and exercise, manual therapy and education.

Physiotherapy is beneficial in a variety of conditions including musculoskeletal disorders, neurological conditions and respiratory diseases. It can also help improve women’s health issues such as pelvic pain, breastfeeding, menopause, and incontinence problems.

A physiotherapist will ask you questions about your symptoms and perform tests to assess posture, flexibility, muscle strength and joint mobility. They will then create a treatment plan based on the results of your assessment and your goals. The therapist will use a combination of techniques like exercises, stretches and manual therapy to enhance mobility and improve function. Physiotherapy also involves helping patients learn healthy habits to reduce stress, improve sleep and manage their symptoms.

Physiotherapy can also help prevent injuries in the workplace and during physical activities. Physiotherapists can develop training programs, address ergonomic concerns and educate patients on proper body mechanics. They can also recommend specialized exercises and corrective techniques to improve posture, balance and spinal stability. They can even assist athletes in preventing and treating sports-related injuries.

4. Physiotherapy is a form of exercise

Pain is a normal part of the body’s healing process, but sometimes an injury can overstay its welcome. This is called chronic pain, and it can be extremely frustrating for those suffering from it. But, there are ways to manage it.

Physiotherapy is one of those pathways to relief. Physiotherapy uses a variety of treatments, from manual techniques to exercises, to improve mobility and reduce pain. A therapist will develop a personalized treatment plan for each patient to achieve the best results.

In addition to improving strength and mobility, physiotherapy can also help to relieve stress and anxiety. In fact, a recent study found that regular exercise can significantly reduce the symptoms of depression. This is especially important for patients with chronic pain, as stress and anxiety can worsen the symptoms of their condition.

Physiotherapy Castlemaine is an effective treatment for chronic pain and can be used by people of all ages and fitness levels. For example, physiotherapy is often recommended for pregnant women and new mothers to address musculoskeletal pain. It can also be helpful for older adults who are experiencing pain or discomfort as a result of age-related changes in their bodies. Using a range of treatment methods, physiotherapy can help reduce pain and improve the quality of life for people with chronic pain. A physiotherapist can also provide advice about how to manage chronic pain at home.

How Podiatrist-Prescribed Orthotics Can Improve Your Foot Health

Orthotics are used to treat a variety of foot conditions. They work by alleviating pressure in painful areas of the foot and helping to correct biomechanical problems with the way a person moves.

Unlike the mass-produced shoe inserts you might find at a drugstore, podiatrist-prescribed orthotics are crafted for each individual patient. They match the contours of your feet precisely and are designed for how you move.

1. Relieves Pain

Whether your foot pain comes from poor posture, repetitive activities like running or standing at work, or medical conditions such as arthritis or diabetes, you don’t have to live with it. Often, orthotics can provide significant relief.

Unlike over-the-counter shoe inserts, podiatrist-prescribed orthotics are made from a mold of your feet. They’re also designed to fit into your shoes and correct biomechanical problems with your feet and ankles, such as misalignment or uneven pressure distribution.

Studies haven’t yet figured out exactly how orthotics work, but they appear to do more than just relieve pain by pushing bones in the foot or leg into better positions. The most likely explanation is that orthotics reduce strain on muscles by taking some of their workload, Nigg says.

Several types of foot conditions can benefit from orthotics, including bunions, shin splints, hammertoe, and rheumatoid arthritis (which often first presents as discomfort in the feet). Additionally, orthotics help athletes by distributing the weight and force of their steps more evenly across the feet and toes to prevent injury. Often, doctors will prescribe orthotics in combination with other treatments, such as better supportive shoes and physical therapy.

2. Reduces Stress on the Foot

If you have a medical condition like arthritis that affects the foot or ankle, podiatrist-prescribed orthotics can help alleviate symptoms. They can reduce stress on the joints by supporting and realigning the foot. They may also slow down the progression of arthritic degeneration by preventing the formation of bone spurs.

A common type of arthritis that affects the feet is rheumatoid arthritis. This form of arthritis often presents in the big toe joint as a bunion (Hallux abductovalgus). Orthotics can alleviate the pain caused by the condition by providing support for the big toe and correcting the way it moves.

The best orthotics are custom-made for your feet using a mould or digital picture taken during a podiatrist appointment. A podiatrist will take a plaster cast or computerised 3D images of your foot, observe the way you move and may recommend x-rays.

Premade orthotics are mass-produced to fit a ‘standard foot’ and can cause other issues in the body including worsening arthritis, increasing the risk of injury or causing problems elsewhere. The benefit of having your own customised orthotics is that they are specifically designed for you and can reduce the pressure on your feet, reduce balance issues and ease back, hip or knee pain.

3. Increases Flexibility

If your pain is caused by muscles that are too tired or tight, orthotics can help make sure the right ones get the chance to work properly. By cushioning the feet and distributing pressure, orthotics give your muscles a vacation from doing all the heavy lifting so they can relax.

Your podiatrist will create custom foot orthotics for you using a plaster cast or a digital image of your feet to ensure that they provide the best possible fit and that they are tailored to your particular needs. This is in contrast to the mass-produced shoe insoles available from stores that are not customized for your individual foot and can cause damage when they don’t fit properly.

There are two types of orthotics; functional and accommodative. Functional orthotics are designed to control abnormal motion and tend to be rigid in nature whereas accommodative orthotics are softer and provide support and cushion. When you have a condition such as plantar fasciitis or severe heel pain, podiatrist-prescribed accommodative orthotics will reduce your pain while helping the proper muscles get the rest they need to heal.

4. Reduces Heel Pain

Heel pain is a common foot issue that can occur for a variety of reasons. It can be due to a biomechanical issue or from an injury like a plantar fasciitis flare-up. Heel pain can be debilitating and it is important to address the underlying cause. Many people that suffer from heel pain use shoe inserts or orthotics to help with the pain. However, these store-bought inserts are often soft and don’t provide enough support or control. Instead, consider getting a pair of PowerStep orthotic insoles from your podiatrist.

These inserts are custom made to fit your feet after a podiatrist conducts a thorough evaluation of the feet, ankles and legs. They are designed to control abnormal motion, alleviate pain and promote healthy foot mechanics to reduce the need for muscles to compensate elsewhere.

Unlike the premade orthotics sold at shoe stores, ski and skate shops, pharmacies or sporting goods stores, the podiatrist-prescribed orthotics are made from plaster molds of the patient’s feet and based on their doctor’s prescription. They will also recommend other treatments like footwear changes, exercises and in some cases medications.

5. Increases Balance

Foot pain, musculoskeletal injuries and other problems that affect the feet can have a negative impact on balance and lead to a host of complications throughout the body. This is especially true for those who have to walk or stand at work for long periods of time. Podiatrist-prescribed orthotics can improve your balance, decreasing the risk of preventable falls and making movement more comfortable.

Custom shoe inserts can also help with a variety of minor foot problems. For example, those with bunions can benefit from a raised arch that will alleviate pressure and decrease inflammation in the big toe joint. This will reduce the likelihood that the bunion will worsen and help to avoid the development of a hammertoe.

Over-the-counter inserts might seem similar to orthotics, but they are not the same. Only your podiatrist can recommend shoe inserts that are molded to your specific feet and designed for how you move. These will provide more effective support and progressively correct the alignment and structural problems that can cause your foot pain. They may also help to prevent the need for more invasive treatment, such as surgery.

If you’re seeking relief from foot pain or looking to improve your foot health, consider visiting Doubleview Podiatry at where customized orthotics can be tailored specifically to your needs.

Stepping Confidently: How Orthotic Therapy Addresses Flat Feet Concerns

Walking or running may seem like simple activities, but the intricate mechanics involved rely heavily on the feet and legs. These foundational structures support the entire musculoskeletal system, ensuring stability and proper alignment. However, issues like flat feet can disrupt this delicate balance, leading to a cascade of problems throughout the body.

In this article, we delve into the realm of orthotic therapy, exploring how it addresses concerns associated with flat feet. From correcting pronation to alleviating conditions like plantar fasciitis and Achilles tendinitis, orthotics play a crucial role in restoring biomechanical harmony. We’ll explore the nuances of orthotic intervention, its synergies with alternative treatments, and the profound impact it can have on enhancing mobility and reducing discomfort. Join us on a journey through the intricate interplay between orthotics and foot health, and discover how stepping confidently begins with proper support.


The feet and legs are the foundation of the body, supporting and stabilising the entire musculoskeletal system during walking or running. Abnormal pronation, or inward rolling of the foot during the ground portion of a step, can lead to uneven weight distribution which will throw off normal gait and create imbalances throughout the lower body.

Orthotics help to correct this problem by providing arch support and stability, reducing excessive pronation and supination which will improve foot alignment, reduce foot strain and prevent future problems. However, orthotics are not a complete treatment.

Alternative treatments for flat feet can also be helpful, including physical therapy and stretching. Specific exercises that target the intrinsic foot muscles to strengthen the arches and promote better foot structure can be very effective. Stretches that target the calf and Achilles muscles can help to improve tightness and rebalance the body’s weight distribution. These treatments can reduce the need for long-term reliance on orthotic support.

Plantar Fasciitis

For some people, the primary cause of foot pain is a deformity like plantar fasciitis, which occurs due to irritation of dense bands of tissue that connect your heel bone to your toes. This painful condition often causes sharp heel pain when you start walking and can worsen as the day goes on.

Orthotics reposition your feet in a way that achieves a more normal skeletal balance. They do this by changing the way you move your foot, ankle, knee and hip. They also reduce stress on muscles and joints in your lower leg, knees, hips, sacroiliac joint, and even lower back and neck.

A good orthotic starts with a thorough assessment of the biomechanics of your feet and legs, including footwear, activity levels and a visual gait analysis. A PODOSmart motion analysis insole placed into your shoes will provide additional information on your lower limb function that can’t be seen with a visual analysis alone.

Achilles Tendinitis

Orthotics can help relieve Achilles tendonitis by repositioning the foot structure to achieve optimum skeletal balance and controlling excessive ankle movement. In addition, orthotic devices can reduce loads on the Achilles tendon by deflecting the pressure from high-load areas such as calluses and corns to lower load areas.

Roughly 10 percent of adults have flat feet, which means their arches have fallen and the entire sole of their feet comes into contact with the ground when they walk or run. This can lead to a wide variety of problems, including pain and discomfort in the heel, arch, and forefoot.

Treatment options include low-impact exercise, NSAIDs, stretching exercises, and physical therapy. Orthotic intervention can also improve the quality of the patient’s gait, reducing foot, knee and hip loading. This can help the patient to resume their normal activities more quickly and reduce pain and discomfort. Combined with a good pair of shoes, orthotics can help patients get back to doing the things they enjoy most.

Knee Pain

Pain in the knees can be a sign of a problem in the feet or elsewhere in the body. In many cases, orthotics can help reduce knee pain by promoting proper foot alignment and helping balance biomechanical imbalances that lead to overuse injuries.

Orthotics can also reduce stress on the knees by redistributing pressure more evenly and acting as shock absorbers. They can also provide support and stability to arches that may be prone to excessive inward rolling (pronation) that puts strain on the knees.

Providing the right type and level of orthotic support is critical in achieving optimal results. Orthotics are customised to fit your feet and shoes so that they don’t restrict movement or cause discomfort. In order to make a custom orthotic, we first need to obtain a non-weight bearing impression of your feet. This can be done in a variety of ways and requires a certain level of skill and expertise to ensure that the orthotic duplicates all three natural arches of your feet.

Stride with Confidence

In the intricate dance of movement, our feet serve as the silent orchestrators of balance and stability. From the subtle shift of weight to the graceful arc of a step, every movement is a testament to their importance. Yet, when faced with challenges like flat feet, the harmony of motion can falter, leaving discomfort and uncertainty in its wake.

Enter orthotic therapy in Thornbury, a beacon of hope for those navigating the rough terrain of foot-related ailments. Through customised support and targeted intervention, orthotics offer a pathway to reclaiming mobility and rediscovering comfort. From addressing pronation to alleviating the sting of plantar fasciitis, these marvels of modern podiatry stand as pillars of support in the journey toward wellness. Don’t hesitate to visit to book your appointment and take the first step towards addressing any foot concerns you may have. Their team of experienced professionals is ready to provide you with personalised care and guidance to help you stride confidently toward better foot health.

Unlocking Foot Health: A Podiatric Perspective on Injury Treatment

Podiatrists employ a multifaceted approach to alleviate foot and ankle pain, enhance mobility, and facilitate healing. Through manual therapy techniques such as dry needling, mobilisation, manipulation, and deep tissue massage, they address a spectrum of conditions, from fractures to muscle imbalances. In this article, we delve into the diagnostic methods, treatment modalities, preventive strategies, and rehabilitation efforts undertaken by podiatrists, shedding light on their pivotal role in restoring and maintaining foot health.

1. Diagnosis

Foot and ankle doctors use a thorough physical examination, medical history and lifestyle factors to diagnose injury. They can recommend conservative, non-surgical treatment options including pain relief medications, icing and electrical stimulation therapy, orthotics for better shock absorption and guidance on footwear optimisation. They also may use advanced imaging techniques like X-rays or CT scans to provide a more comprehensive diagnosis.

In addition to these tools, a foot and ankle specialist like the podiatrist based in Sunshine Coast may employ manual methods such as mobilisation and manipulation. These techniques apply skilled manual forces to joints, bones and soft tissues of the feet and ankles to improve movement, alleviate pain, and promote healing. Depending on the type of pain, these treatments can help treat underlying issues such as muscle imbalances, joint stiffness and misalignments, and can reduce future injury risk.

2. Treatment

The foot and ankle are critical to our mobility, athletic performance and overall health. With over 100 intricately connected tendons, ligaments and bones and 33 distinct joints, conditions and injuries of the feet require attention from specialists trained to diagnose and treat them.

If you sustain a fracture, your podiatrist will likely place you in a cast to allow the bone to heal. This could be a plaster or fiberglass cast or a removable boot cast, depending on the severity of your injury.

3. Prevention

Whether you’re a professional athlete who is pushed to the limit or simply enjoy playing sports for the physical benefits, it is incredibly important to take care of your feet. Foot and ankle injuries compromise your mobility and ability to perform at a peak level, making preventative podiatric care a crucial component of any sports injury treatment plan.

Many common sports-related foot and ankle issues such as heel pain, sprains or fractures can be prevented by following some simple tips. Be sure to warm up and stretch before a workout or athletic activity, wear proper shoes, stay hydrated and avoid any overuse of the muscles in your feet or ankles.

Podiatrists also provide valuable advice on a variety of prevention options for athletes such as proper shoe selection and training techniques. By educating athletes on how to care for their feet, they empower them to play an active role in their own injury prevention and long-term foot health.

4. Rehabilitation

The feet are essential for the human body’s mobility. They are complex structures that contain more than 100 intricately connected tendons, ligaments, muscles and bones, as well as 33 distinct joints. Problems with these structures can significantly affect one’s ability to move, and they can even impact the quality of an individual’s life.

While injuries affecting the foot and ankle can be very painful, the good news is that a podiatrist at Caloundra can help. They specialise in treating injuries involving the feet and lower ankles, and they can help patients get back to their normal lives quickly and without pain or discomfort.

Using advanced diagnostic tools and rehabilitation techniques, a podiatrist can treat the underlying cause of your foot injury. This can include manual therapy techniques such as mobilisation and manipulation, which apply skilled manual force to joints, bones and soft tissues to improve movement, alleviate pain and restore a sense of balance. These techniques can also enhance healing and prevent future injuries from occurring.

The comprehensive approach of podiatrists toward foot and ankle injuries encompasses diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and rehabilitation. By combining advanced diagnostic tools with manual therapy techniques, they address a wide range of conditions, from fractures to muscle imbalances, restoring mobility and promoting healing. Through education and guidance on preventive measures, they empower individuals to take charge of their foot health, ensuring long-term well-being and optimal performance in daily activities and sports. With their expertise and dedication, podiatrists play a pivotal role in enhancing the quality of life for those suffering from foot and ankle ailments.

The Importance of Physiotherapy in Senior Care and Mobility

As National Physical Therapy Month highlights, physiotherapy is a vital component in sculpting a life of quality, independence, and holistic well-being. It is used to alleviate age-related pain, maintain mobility and enhance functionality in seniors.

Physical therapists create personalized exercise programs to suit an individual’s capabilities and health conditions. They also work on balance training to prevent falls, which can be especially dangerous for older adults.

Improved Mobility

As people age, their joints become stiffer and painful and their muscles weaken. When this happens, it can be difficult to complete everyday tasks like walking or climbing stairs without a struggle. With a customized treatment plan from a qualified physical therapist, seniors can improve their mobility and live a more independent lifestyle.

Watsonia physio techniques alleviate pain, reduce stiffness and improve range of motion. These exercises, along with manual therapy and education on proper posture and daily activities, help seniors manage their condition and increase the quality of their life. The benefits of physiotherapy for seniors extend beyond the physical to include emotional and social well-being.

Achieving and maintaining a high level of mobility is vital for seniors’ independence, quality of life, dignity and happiness. It can also decrease the likelihood of falling or injury, which is a common occurrence among seniors and leads to complications such as bone fractures or head injuries.

PT includes balance training and strengthening exercises that improve strength, flexibility, and endurance. This can significantly decrease the risk of falls and other injuries, as well as strengthen bones and improve balance. Moreover, PT helps seniors build their confidence and self-esteem, making them feel more capable of living independently. This way, they can continue enjoying their hobbies and engage in social activities with family and friends.

Reduced Pain

Physiotherapy is a hands-on treatment that focuses on improving physical function through the use of manual therapy techniques, exercise prescription and education on injury prevention. Through these methods, physiotherapists can help patients improve strength, flexibility, balance and mobility while reducing pain and inflammation, and boosting overall function.

Many seniors struggle with chronic pain related to illness or injury, which can lead to reduced mobility and increase the risk of falls. Physiotherapy provides a non-invasive, non-pharmaceutical way to manage pain for older adults and enables them to live active lifestyles in a safe environment.

In addition to addressing pain and mobility issues, physiotherapy also helps to reduce stress and anxiety for seniors. By implementing relaxation techniques like meditation and deep breathing exercises, therapists can help seniors to feel more comfortable with their current situation.

Seniors who receive physiotherapy at Excel Body and Health can experience significant improvements in their quality of life. They are able to move around with ease, enjoy their favourite hobbies and activities, and maintain social connections. Keeping active with the help of physiotherapy can mean the difference between living independently or needing to transition into in-home care or an assisted living facility. The goal is to ensure that seniors can remain healthy and active throughout their golden years.

Increased Stamina

As you age, it’s natural to experience aches and pains. This can lead to a reduction in mobility, which can be frustrating and limit your quality of life. However, you don’t have to resign yourself to a lack of movement; instead, you can improve your strength, balance and flexibility with regular physiotherapy.

Physiotherapy includes a wide variety of techniques, which are customised for individual conditions and health goals. This helps to alleviate pain, improve movement and restore function. It also reduces the risk of falls and promotes healthy, active lifestyles.

Geriatric physiotherapy is specifically designed to help elderly people manage a range of medical conditions and injuries. This may include joint and hip replacements, arthritis, muscle pain, dementia, balance disorders and incontinence. In addition to this, physiotherapy can also be used to help improve a person’s heart health and lung capacity by incorporating cardiovascular exercises into the sessions.

Regular exercise also boosts mood, which can be beneficial for elderly patients who are dealing with mental health issues. This can be caused by loneliness, the loss of friends and family members or simply struggling to cope with the physical limitations that come with aging. The exercises and movements used in physiotherapy can also release endorphins, which are natural mood boosters. This can be particularly helpful for seniors who are suffering from depression and anxiety.

Improved Mental Health

Many seniors experience chronic pain due to illness, injury or surgeries. Through techniques like manual therapy and heat/cold therapy, physiotherapy can help relieve this pain and improve overall comfort for elderly individuals. Physiotherapy also plays an important role in rehabilitation from surgery or injury, helping to increase strength and mobility.

Physiotherapy can also improve the mental health of seniors. It can help to reduce the risk of falls, which is a serious issue for older adults that often leads to serious injuries and a loss of independence. Physiotherapists are able to evaluate and address the unique strengths and weaknesses of seniors, creating a customized plan to help them avoid falling or sustaining an injury.

Additionally, physiotherapy can offer social interaction for seniors, which is an essential part of maintaining good mental health. During a physiotherapy session, seniors can interact with other people in a safe and supportive environment and can work on strengthening their balance and endurance.

Physiotherapy is a vital component of senior care because it can significantly improve the quality of life for seniors. By using a combination of tailored exercises, balance training, fall prevention strategies and pain management, physiotherapy can empower seniors towards improved mobility, greater self-sufficiency and a healthy, independent lifestyle. This non-invasive approach is one of the best ways to safeguard a person’s health and wellbeing throughout their golden years.

How a Urologist Approaches Bladder Cancer Treatment

For people with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer, urologists often perform a procedure called transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) to diagnose and treat the cancer. They put a cystoscope into the urethra and use a wire loop, laser or high-energy electricity to remove the cancer cells.

If the cancer recurs, doctors will use drugs to kill the cells that surgery missed. They may also do a surgery known as urinary diversion, which creates a new way to pass urine.


Bladder cancer starts in the cells that line the bladder. Usually, the first sign of bladder cancer is blood in the urine (hematuria). This is rusty to bright red in color and may be noticed during urination or reported by your doctor.

If you experience these symptoms, your health care team will perform a test called cystoscopy. This is a procedure in which your doctor inserts a tube with a lens into the urethra and bladder. They look for signs of disease and collect a cell sample (biopsy) from the bladder to be tested. Your doctor will also ask when the symptoms started and how often you have them.

Your test results will determine the type and stage of your bladder cancer. The vast majority of bladder cancers are urothelial carcinoma, which grows in the cells that line the inner lining of your bladder. Some urothelial carcinoma spreads to the tissue of the renal pelvis and ureters, which is considered upper tract urothelial cancer.

Urologist Melbourne will treat your cancer based on the type and stage of it. The most common treatment for bladder cancer is a radical cystectomy, in which your doctor removes your entire bladder along with any nearby lymph nodes and part of the urethra. In men, the prostate and seminal vesicles are removed as well. In women, the uterus, fallopian tubes and parts of the vagina are removed.


Your urologist will check your symptoms and do some diagnostic tests to see if you have bladder cancer. These may include a physical exam, blood tests and urine tests. A sample of your urine is sent to a laboratory to look for cancer cells (urine cytology). CT scans or an MRI may help your doctor find out the size and location of tumors in your bladder or surrounding tissues. Your urologist will also look at your kidneys, ureters and urethra to make sure they are healthy.

Your doctor may also do a procedure called cystoscopy. This involves inserting a pencil-sized, lighted tube into your urethra and into your bladder to examine the inside of these tubes and surrounding tissues for signs of disease. Your doctor may pass a tool through the scope to take a small piece of tissue for further testing (biopsy).

If a biopsy shows that you have early stage bladder cancer, your urologist may try to remove only the tumor and surrounding tissue with a surgery called transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT). This can be done in your doctor’s office or in a hospital operating room.

In some cases, your doctor may decide to remove your entire bladder. This is a surgery called radical cystectomy. If this is necessary, your urologist will create a new way for you to pass urine out of your body. It will probably involve using part of your intestine or colon, so you will need to wear a bag attached to the stoma or ostomy.


Based on the results of the TURBT and other diagnostic tests, a urologist will determine your cancer’s stage. This describes how far the cancer has spread and is a vitally important factor in treatment.

Often, a urologist will use a CT scan with contrast dye to create a CT urogram, which takes detailed pictures of your kidneys, bladder and ureters. The contrast dye can help your doctor spot the location of a tumor or other abnormalities.

Other tests may include a urine test that checks for cancer cells in your urine. Blood in the urine (hematuria) can also indicate a bladder tumor. Your urologist will also take a tissue sample — or biopsy — from your bladder to check for signs of cancer, such as growths or infiltration.

Your urologist may prescribe chemotherapy or radiation therapy, both effective options for bladder cancer treatment, to kill fast-growing cancer cells and reduce the chances of the cancer spreading. The medication is usually given into a vein, called intravenous therapy, or directly into the bladder through the urethra, called intravesical chemotherapy

Your urologist will also create a follow-up plan for you. They’ll usually recommend that you have cystoscopy to check the inside of your urethra and bladder every three to six months for the first few years after treatment, then once a year. These follow-up appointments will depend on your cancer type, stage and grade.


When a person has a urinary tract or reproductive problem, they will often be referred to a urologist. This doctor is a surgeon who specializes in conditions of the kidneys, bladder, prostate, penis, and testicles for men and women.

Urologists are a medical specialty that requires a strong background in internal medicine, pediatrics, and gynecology to deal with the variety of problems that affect the genitourinary system. The word urologist comes from the Latin urethra and means “urinary duct” or “water channel.” Many people are uncomfortable talking about urine, sex, and other issues that relate to the genitourinary system, but these concerns should be brought to a physician’s attention because they could indicate a serious health issue.

If a patient is diagnosed with cancer of the bladder, the urologist may suggest surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy. Surgery options include radical cystectomy (removal of the entire bladder), partial cystectomy (removing part of the bladder), and neoadjuvant chemotherapy (use of drugs to reduce the size of a tumor before surgery). The urologist also may suggest a procedure called intravesical chemotherapy. This uses a tube or catheter to deliver liquid drugs directly into the bladder. These drugs remain in the bladder for several hours and mainly attack cancer cells. Drugs used in intravesical chemotherapy include mitomycin-C (Jelmyto), gemcitabine (Gemzar), and docetaxel (Taxotere).

A urologist may also recommend radiation therapy, which uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells in the bladder or nearby tissues. Some patients get radiation after surgery to prevent or relieve pain and others have it to help keep the cancer from returning.

A Comprehensive Guide to Podiatric Surgical Techniques

Podiatrists use a variety of diagnostic techniques to provide patients with accurate and effective care. These tools include physical examinations that reveal hidden structures, as well as imaging technologies and gait analysis.

Bunions are bony bumps that form when the bones in your big toe bend too far toward the smaller toes. They can be treated with non-surgical methods like shoe modifications and orthotic devices.

Foot and Ankle Surgery

Foot and ankle surgery can be a very serious operation with significant risk. However, it is often needed when non-surgical treatments are not effective. These include medications, orthotics, physical therapy, and changes to your shoewear.

Some conditions that require surgery include bunions, hammer toes, and other deformities, ankle arthritis, heel pain, and Achilles tendon problems. Surgical treatment is only an option once pain and instability are severe enough to impact a patient’s quality of life.

Ligament reconstruction surgery is performed to restore stability in the ankle when ligaments are stretched or torn. This may involve repairing the ligament itself or rerouting a tendon from another part of your foot to replace the damaged one.

Cartilage repair surgery can help relieve pain from arthritic conditions in your ankles. Using arthroscopic techniques, surgeons can remove cartilage from your ankle joint and then allow new cartilage to grow.

Fusion treatments, which involve removing the painful cartilage and compressing the ends of your bone together, can reduce pain from arthritic conditions. A triple fusion can also be performed to treat stiff feet by fusing the talonavicular, subtalar, and calcaneocuboid joints with plates or screws. Neuroma surgery involves removing benign enlargements of nerves that can cause tingling, burning, and numbness in the toes, usually between the metatarsal heads in the ball of your foot.

Toe Surgery

Toe surgery may be required if you have a hammer toe, which is a condition where the toe stays in a curled or flexed position. The surgery may involve releasing or lengthening the tendons or removing part of the toe bone to straighten the toe. A podiatrist High Wycombe can do this through a small surgical cut in the toe or by using keyhole surgery (minimally invasive).

After your toe operation, you’ll need to avoid putting pressure on your foot for several weeks. Your doctor may use crutches or a walker to help you walk and support the toe while it heals. The toe may also need to be taped or strapped. You should expect some swelling after the surgery, which can last up to a year.

If your toe deformity is severe, the surgeon may need to fuse your toe bones together. This can cause pain and discomfort for a long time. Occasionally the bones don’t fuse properly and you may need to have further surgery.

There is a risk of infection after foot surgery, although this is rare. Occasionally a nerve may be injured during the operation, causing numbness in the toe(s). The affected toe might also become stiff or painful. This can be a result of scar tissue.

Ankle Arthroplasty

When conservative, noninvasive treatments such as anti-inflammatory medications, bracing, physical therapy, and injections fail to provide relief, podiatrists can perform ankle replacement surgery. Known as total ankle arthroplasty or TAA, this procedure involves replacing the damaged bone and cartilage with artificial components. It is an excellent alternative to a fusion-type operation because it retains the ankle’s range of motion.

podiatrist Guildford spent years mastering the complexities of the foot and ankle. That practical knowledge, combined with their theoretical expertise, has helped them contribute to the iterative process of designing and improving ankle prosthetics. This is important because ankle replacements are prone to complications such as loosening, infection, and failure to relieve pain.

Ankle replacement surgery is performed under general anesthesia or a nerve block, using a tourniquet to control bleeding and improve visualization of the operating area. The surgeon removes the arthritic surface of the ankle bone (tibia) and the top surface of the ankle bone (talus). They then place new metal joints with plastic surfaces in between the remaining bones, using a type of cement to secure them.

Patients undergoing ankle replacement surgery are typically encouraged to begin weight bearing and putting pressure on their feet as soon as possible after the procedure. They will wear a splint or use crutches while the ankle heals. They will also undergo physical therapy to regain strength in the ankle and foot.

Revision Surgery

A revision surgery can be more complicated than the initial procedure, and a surgeon’s skill plays a large role in the outcome of the operation. The goal of revision surgery is to improve the quality of life by relieving pain and increasing the range of motion. This can include removing or replacing faulty implants, surgically realigning bones and joints, or addressing issues such as nerve compression, infection, or bone loss.

During this process, your doctor will remove the original hardware and insert new implants. Depending on the condition of the pelvis and femur, he or she may need to add metal augments or bone grafts to make up for lost bone. Next, the doctor will place the revised hip cup and secure it in place with screws. Then the doctor will perform an examination to ensure proper function and a good fit.

Patients can expect to experience similar recovery times as they did with the first operation. During this time, they will likely be placed in a brace and advised to follow weight restrictions and activity limitations. They should also attend regular follow-up appointments with their surgeon and healthcare team for monitoring of pain, swelling, and infections. In addition, it is important to eat a healthy diet and drink plenty of fluids to promote healing and prevent blood clots.

Podiatric surgical techniques encompass a wide array of procedures aimed at addressing various foot and ankle conditions, ranging from bunions and hammer toes to ankle arthritis and ligament injuries. While surgery is often a last resort after exhausting non-surgical options, it can significantly improve a patient’s quality of life by alleviating pain and restoring function. Whether it’s ligament reconstruction, cartilage repair, toe surgery, ankle arthroplasty, or revision surgery, the expertise of podiatrists is instrumental in ensuring successful outcomes. While risks such as infection and nerve injury exist, advancements in surgical methods and prosthetics continue to enhance patient care and recovery. With proper post-operative care and rehabilitation, patients can look forward to regaining mobility and enjoying a better quality of life.

Tiny Toes, Big Concerns: When to Worry About Your Child’s Feet

As parents, we often find ourselves marveling at every tiny detail of our child’s development, and rightly so. From their first smile to their first steps, every milestone is a cause for celebration. However, amidst all the excitement, it’s essential to pay attention to our little one’s feet, as they play a crucial role in their overall development and well-being. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore when to be concerned about your child’s feet and what signs to look out for.


Normal Development

Before diving into potential concerns, let’s first understand what constitutes normal development in children’s feet:

  1. Birth: At birth, a baby’s feet might appear flat due to the thick layer of fat that typically fills the arch area. Additionally, their feet may appear turned inwards due to the cramped position in the womb. Both of these are normal and usually resolve within a few months.
  2. Infancy: As babies start to explore movement, their feet will naturally develop. They may start pushing up on their toes, rolling from side to side, and eventually crawling. This exploration helps in strengthening the muscles and ligaments in their feet.
  3. Toddlerhood: Once your child starts walking, you may notice a wide range of walking patterns, including toe-walking, flat-footedness, or walking with turned-in or turned-out feet. These variations are typically normal and tend to correct themselves as your child’s muscles strengthen and coordination improves.


When to Be Concerned

While many variations in foot development are normal, there are certain signs that may indicate a potential issue requiring further evaluation:

  1. Persistent Toe-Walking: While occasional toe-walking is common, if your child consistently walks on their toes beyond the age of three, it may signal an underlying issue such as tight Achilles tendons or sensory processing concerns.
  2. Flat Feet: Flat feet, or pes planus, are common in children and often resolve as they age. However, if your child’s flat feet cause pain, or difficulty walking, or if they have rigid flat feet (where the arch doesn’t reappear when the foot is lifted), it’s essential to consult a podiatrist Mitchelton.
  3. Foot Pain: Any complaints of foot pain, especially if they affect your child’s ability to participate in activities or cause limping, should not be ignored. Foot pain could be due to a variety of issues such as fractures, growth plate injuries, or structural abnormalities.
  4. Uneven Shoe Wear: Pay attention to how your child wears out their shoes. Significant wear on one side or the heel of the shoe may indicate an imbalance in their gait or foot structure.
  5. Delayed Milestones: If your child is significantly delayed in achieving motor milestones such as standing, walking, or jumping, it may be worth discussing with your pediatrician or a pediatric orthopedic specialist.


When to Seek Professional Help

If you notice any of the above signs or have concerns about your child’s foot development, it’s crucial to seek professional evaluation. A podiatrist The Gap or orthopedic specialist with experience in treating children’s foot issues can provide a thorough assessment and appropriate guidance.

During the evaluation, the healthcare provider may perform a physical examination, assess your child’s gait, and recommend imaging studies such as X-rays or MRI scans to further evaluate the structure of the feet and ankles.


Treatment Options

Treatment for foot issues in children varies depending on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. It may include:

  1. Physical Therapy: Exercises and stretches to strengthen muscles and improve flexibility.
  2. Orthotics: Custom-made shoe inserts to provide support and correct alignment.
  3. Bracing: In some cases, a brace or splint may be prescribed to help correct foot position.
  4. Surgery: In rare instances where conservative measures are ineffective, surgical intervention may be necessary to correct structural abnormalities.


In the grand adventure of parenthood, nothing is more precious than the well-being of our children. From their very first breaths to the milestones they conquer, every step they take is a testament to their incredible journey of growth. Amidst this journey, their tiny toes play a monumental role, serving as the foundation upon which they explore the world.

As we navigate the intricate path of child-rearing, it’s imperative to remember that while many nuances in foot development are entirely normal, some subtle signs may hint at underlying issues that require attention. By remaining vigilant and attuned to the subtle cues our children provide, we empower ourselves to address concerns proactively, ensuring their feet serve them well throughout their lives.

Early intervention emerges as a beacon of hope in the face of potential foot concerns. Seeking professional evaluation at the first sign of worry grants us the opportunity to intervene swiftly, guiding our children toward optimal foot health and function. Whether it’s a quick consultation with a pediatric podiatrist or a comprehensive assessment by a pediatric orthopedic specialist, every step taken in pursuit of our child’s well-being is a stride toward a brighter, healthier future.

It’s crucial to embrace the uniqueness of each child’s journey. What may be considered typical for one may deviate from the norm for another. Trusting our instincts as parents, we embark on a journey of advocacy and support, championing our children’s needs and ensuring they receive the specialized care they deserve.

Every thread contributes to the rich fabric of our children’s lives. Their tiny toes symbolize the beginning of a magnificent odyssey, one filled with boundless possibilities and infinite potential. Let us pledge to nurture and protect these precious appendages, for they are the steadfast companions that will carry our children through their wondrous voyage of growth and exploration. In doing so, we equip them with the greatest gift of all: the assurance that they are loved, supported, and empowered to conquer every step of their journey, one tiny toe at a time.

7 Compelling Reasons Why Pilates Should Be Your Next Fitness Regimen

A full-body workout, Pilates promotes balanced muscle development. In doing so, it strengthens your body and reduces the risk of injury.

Like other mind-body practices, such as yoga and meditation, Pilates encourages a heightened sense of body awareness. This is not only beneficial during classes but can carry over into daily life.


1. It Strengthens Your Core

Whether you have chronic back pain or just want to strengthen your abdominal muscles, pilates Caulfield can do the trick. It’s not the same as crunches; the exercises require focus and precision that help build core strength.

A strong core is a foundation for balance and mobility, and it helps reduce injuries. Unlike many other workouts, Pilates encourages good posture and emphasizes a balanced approach to movement.

It helps build muscle endurance by challenging the muscles to move against gravity and resistance, like when doing a tricep pushup or using spring resistance with a reformer machine. Pilates also builds muscle strength by encouraging eccentric contractions, which occur when a muscle is lengthened while under tension — like a bicep curl or lifting your feet off the ground during a plank.

2. It Strengthens Your Back

Pilates focuses on the core muscles, which helps strengthen and stabilize the spine. That can help reduce back pain and stiffness as well as improve balance, flexibility and mobility.

Some exercises (the rolling movements, the Saw and extreme flexion or extension of the spine) are not suitable for those with back pain, as they can put too much stress on the delicate spinal discs. But in general, Pilates is very gentle on the joints.

It also puts a lot of emphasis on proper alignment and body awareness. That can help you become more aware of when you’re hunching or slumping, which might contribute to your back pain. And it emphasizes slow, controlled movements that can help you relax and focus on your breathing, which can also reduce your stress levels.


3. It Strengthens Your Legs

Pilates is a great way to strengthen the muscles in your legs, especially the quads and glutes. “This allows the body to move more fluidly with the core,” says Wonesh. “You don’t have the swaying that you might get from some other exercises.”

In addition to building strength, a strong core also helps prevent back pain. One study found that Pilates was as effective as other types of exercise for reducing back pain and improving function in people with low back problems.

The secret to a successful Pilates routine is practicing with an instructor who can help you master the movements and learn proper technique. That’s why she recommends signing up for classes at a studio instead of an online platform. The smaller class sizes can ensure you’re getting the personalized attention you need to avoid injury.

4. It Strengthens Your Arms

A reputable Pilates program taught by a skilled instructor can help you strengthen and tone your arms. In fact, the arm workouts are a key component of the full-body Pilates workout.

The moves may look simple, but they require a lot of precision and control. As a result, they can be challenging even for people who are already in good shape.

Unlike other strength workouts, Pilates can also improve your balance and coordination. This, in turn, can lower your risk for falls and other injuries.

Additionally, a strong core can reduce your risk of back pain. That’s because a weak core can force the body to compensate for movements, increasing your risk for injury.

5. It Strengthens Your Hips

Pilates incorporates exercises that require multiple muscle groups to work together and improve your overall coordination, which is a huge benefit. That kind of balance and coordination can help reduce your risk for injuries, as SELF reports.

The strong focus on body awareness in Pilates may also help you learn to give yourself grace when you aren’t able to hold a plank for as long as you could last week, says Marie. This can translate to a more accepting attitude towards your personal fitness journey in general.

The hip, the largest weight-bearing joint in your body, is surrounded by some of the biggest muscles, and many of them are strengthened during Pilates exercises like lunges on the reformer (front and side) and the side leg lift series. Then there’s the famous saw pose, in which you twist your torso to touch one hand to your opposite foot.

6. It Strengthens Your Thighs

Pilates is a full-body workout that will help you tone your legs. The exercises focus on precision over power and are often done with low-impact, making them a good choice for people with joint issues or injury concerns.

Unlike other forms of strength training that tend to bulk up the muscles, Pilates can help you build muscle endurance and strengthen your core without adding too much bulk. This makes it an excellent complement to your cardio and weight training routines.

Whether you want to take your Pilates practice at a studio where instructors can keep an eye on your form or try it at home, the key is to start slow and work your way up to higher intensity levels over time. It’s also important to find a qualified instructor, since this will ensure you are using correct technique and avoid injuries.

7. It Strengthens Your Calves

Pilates is a low-impact exercise with many health benefits. It strengthens your core, boosts flexibility and improves balance. It can also reduce stress and anxiety by lowering cortisol levels. Plus, it’s been shown to enhance sports performance in recreational athletes and even elite sports men and women.

The best thing about Pilates is that it’s accessible to almost anyone. However, it’s important to speak with your doctor before starting any new exercise regimen, especially if you have a chronic medical condition. And if you have any concerns about whether or not Pilates is right for you, seek the guidance of a qualified instructor. They’ll make sure you’re performing the exercises correctly and will help prevent injuries. Then, with patience and time, you’ll see results.

Easing Neck Pain and Headaches with Chiropractic Adjustments

Neck pain and headache are common problems for a wide range of people. The pain is usually caused when the muscles at the base of your skull and upper spine become too tight, putting pressure on nerves.

The good news is that chiropractic can help. Chiropractic adjustments are highly effective for decreasing neck pain and headache due to muscle tension.


Having good flexibility is important for posture, reducing the risk of injuries, and preventing pain. Flexibility is a part of your body’s natural range of motion and can be improved through stretching exercises, such as dynamic stretching that starts out with a small movement and gets progressively larger. Your chiropractor can also teach you techniques like proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, which involves a combination of stretching and contracting the muscle against resistance (like a partner or resistance band) to strengthen it.

A common reason for neck pain is having an improperly aligned spine. When the vertebrae are misaligned, it can affect how well your muscles and joints work by affecting the signals that the brain sends to other parts of the body. The goal of a chiropractic adjustment is to bring the spine back into alignment, which will improve joint mechanics and reduce inflammation, spasm, and pain in the neck.

While a chiropractor won’t recommend you take up pole vaulting, they may recommend specific stretches for your neck and a diet that will help you maintain or improve flexibility. This might include foods that are low in inflammation, such as mackerel and salmon, nuts, berries, and leafy greens. They may also suggest foods high in calcium, vitamin D, and protein. These are the building blocks for healthy muscles and tendons, which will also help to improve your flexibility.


In many cases, neck pain results from a whiplash injury that causes the muscles and ligaments in your neck to stretch and sprain. A Chiropractor Fawkner can treat this type of neck pain with neck manipulation techniques that are designed to help your muscles and ligaments relax and heal.

A skilled chiropractic adjustment involves the chiropractor using small instruments or their hands to apply a quick and controlled force to a joint. This force changes the pressure in the joint capsule and releases trapped gases. When this occurs, it often creates a popping sound that is the result of increased oxygen and nitrogen in the joint fluid. This change in joint pressure helps the spine move better and may relieve pain from herniated discs.

While there are different approaches and techniques to spinal manipulation, most have the same goal — to restore movement in stuck spinal joints (and in some cases extremity joints as well) to allow the body and nervous system to function at their best. There is evidence that spinal manipulation improves the movement and alignment of the spine, which in turn can reduce neck pain and headaches.

In this study, participating chiropractors recruited patients sequentially presenting to their office with neck pain and performed manual manipulation of the cervical spine. Patient case questionnaires were completed at baseline, weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 26 either in the office or by mailing them back to the college’s research department.


Over time, your neck may develop misalignments that negatively affect posture and cause or contribute to headaches. This happens when the spinal nerves are being compressed by the vertebrae and unable to transmit the vital biochemical signals that your brain needs to function properly.

In most cases, a chiropractor will use manual manipulation (also known as spinal adjustment or joint manipulation) to break up and clear these restrictions. This is done by using techniques such as Gonstead, Diversified, Thompson, Activator, and Chiropractic Biophysics. These methods of adjustment involve a quick and precise manipulative thrust to return the misaligned vertebrae back into position. The adjustment is usually accompanied by a popping sound that is the result of a change in pressure within the joint and the release of nitrogen gas.

This technique also helps restore the proper motion of the restricted joint by reducing pain, stiffness, and associated muscle spasm. The goal is to improve spinal movement, alleviate stress on the nervous system, and reduce or prevent recurrence of headaches and other symptoms.

Headaches are a common side-effect of chiropractic treatment, but it is important to note that most patients do not experience significant headaches or other discomfort following their adjustments. When headaches do occur, it is often a reaction to the body’s initial response to the adjustment and usually subsides with proper rest, hydration, and gentle stretches or exercises.

Pain Relief

Whether your neck pain is the result of poor posture, a herniated disc, or another medical condition, chiropractic may provide relief. A chiropractor will first perform a physical examination of the head and neck to find out what is causing your pain and symptoms. He or she will use palpation, which involves feeling the spine with the fingers, and will test your range of motion. For example, if you can turn your head 90 degrees on one side but only 50 on the other, that is an indication of an imbalance in the neck.

The chiropractor will also use a method known as distraction/traction technique, which involves pulling on the intervertebral disc to remove tension and alleviate pressure on the spinal nerves. Other methods of spinal manipulation include rapid short lever arm thrust and instrument-assisted manipulation.

Chiropractic adjustments can relieve pain and help your body heal itself. It is an excellent alternative to pharmaceutical medications, which can have a wide range of side effects from mild (dizziness and fatigue) to life-threatening (internal bleeding or organ damage).

When you are choosing a chiropractor, ask for a referral from someone who has experienced the same type of injury as you. If you don’t have a recommendation, try searching the Internet or asking your friends, coworkers, and family members for recommendations.