Urologists are physicians who have specialized in the study of kidney conditions, urinary tract diseases and male reproductive systems in terms of them diagnose and treatment. They are also specialized in performing surgical procedures where necessary. These necessary conditions might include removing cancer, transplanting kidney, or opening any blockage in the urinary tract. Urologists work not only in hospitals, but in private clinics and urology centers as well. Urologists are the specialists of the kidney, urinary and reproductive system, and anything that is a problem in this area is treated by them. Urologists although deal with male reproductive system, they treat female and children kidney problems just the same as in male patients.
Qualification Required for a Urologist
To become a urologist, you will need a four-year college degree in urology followed by four years of medical school. After this time, when you have graduated, you need to go through about five years of medical training at a hospital to practice urology independently. This program or time period is called residency in which you are assisting senior and experienced urologists and learn surgical procedures from them.
Some urologists also go for an additional training of two years, this training is known as fellowship, which offers you to gain skills in special areas. This might include male urology, female urology etc. At the end of this training, urologists are obliged to pass the specialty certification exam to be certified as a urologist upon successful completion; especially if they wish to work in a urology clinic in Melbourne. This might seem like a long time, but good qualification and experience is necessary when it comes to handling medical condition of humans; you cannot take any risks.
Which Conditions Can Urologists Treat?
Urologists are experienced in treating and diagnosing many diseases that affect both the urinary and reproductive system of males. In men, we can see that urologists treat:
- Cancers, All types. These include bladder, kidneys, penis, testicles, and adrenal and prostate cancer treatment in Melbourne.
- Enlarged Prostate Gland
- Erectile dysfunction
- Painful Bladder Syndrome
- Kidney stones Melbourne
- Inflammation of Prostate Gland
- Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)
- Enlarged veins in the scrotum
In women, urologists treat:
- Bladder dropping into Vagina
- Cancers of Kidneys, bladder, Adrenal Glands
- Kidney Stones
- Cysts in Kidneys
- Overactive Bladder
In children, urologists treat:
- Blockage in Urinary Tract
- Undescended Testicles
What Procedures can Urologists Perform?
Urologists are specialized in diagnosing and treating the kidney and male reproductory issues as well as performing necessary surgeries. For instance, you will first be testes and examined by different ways e.g. imaging tests, MRI scan, ultrasound, cystogram etc.
Urologists are trained at performing cystoscopy as well to see inside your urethra or bladder for possible problems. Other than this, they can also test your urine for infections, or bacteria that might be causing problems. Urologists are also specially trained during their residency to perform surgical procedures carefully. These procedures can involve removal of cancer or transplanting a kidney; both are delicate procedure that require special care and focused mind so that there is no chance of any problem.